Various types of salt from around the world, left to right unrefined salt from the Dead Sea Israel, red salt from Himalayas, black salt from Cyprus, volcanic salt from Hawaii, unrefined salt from Camargue, space for text, view from above. (Photo by: Eddy Buttarelli/REDA&CO/Universal Images Group via Getty Images)
Health - Wellness
The Unexpected Side Effects Of A Low Sodium Level
While it is known that high sodium levels are harmful to the body, the same can also be said for low sodium levels. Sodium deficiency, or hyponatremia, can also cause health issues that can become serious when not treated.
Sodium deficiency can cause headaches, muscle cramps, nausea, and vomiting, and more severe cases can lead to seizures, coma, and even death. Many factors contribute to sodium deficiency, including taking diuretics and antidepressants, drinking too much water, hormonal changes, and underlying heart, liver, and kidney problems.
Reduce your risk of hyponatremia by monitoring your sodium intake, avoiding drinking too much water, and talking to your doctor regarding the potential side effects of your medications. If you experience hyponatremia and you're vomiting or having diarrhea, replace the fluids you're losing by drinking sports drinks or other electrolytes.